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Estonia - Country information

Vademecum - Civil Protection



Population

1,299,371 (July 2009 est.)

Capital

Tallinn

Geographic coordinates: 59 26 N, 24 43 E

Time difference: GMT +2

Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October.

Climate

Maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers.

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Location

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia.

Topography

Area

  • Total: 45,227 km²
  • Land: 43,211 km²
  • Water: 2,015 km²
    (includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea)

Land Boundaries

  • Total: 633 km
  • Latvia 343 km
  • Russia 290 km

Land use

  • Arable land: 12.05%
  • Permanent crops: 0.35%
  • Other: 87.6% (2009)

Land characteristics

  • Woodland: 45%
  • Mountains: 1%

Number of inhabited islands

Approximately 40

Coastline

3,794 km

Major rivers

The Võhandu (162 km) and the Pärnu (144 km)

Natural hazards

Floods, forest fires, tornadoes.

Threats

No information available.

Tourists

Major tourist areas

Tallinn, Islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, Tartu, Pärnu, Southern Estonia.

Number of tourists per season

922,000 tourists stayed in accommodation establishments (first half of 2009).

Administrative data

International organisation participation

NATO, EU, UN, OSCE, Council of Europe.