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ACTIVE Emergencies ECHO DAILY Flash

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 ECHO Daily Flash of 20 February 2017

I. International

Central African Republic - Violence (ECHO, UN, INGOs)

  • The situation remains extremely volatile in Central African Republic's prefecture of Ouaka, and especially around the city of Bambari, with heavy tensions between MINUSCA and factions of the ex-seleka movement and a risk of open confrontation in the coming days. The UN and INGOs are reducing the presence of non-essential staff on the ground.
  • At the same time, humanitarian organisations continue to reinforce their stock contingencies, including the identification of three safe havens, to be ready to provide first emergency response to around 30 000 people.

Iraq – Conflict, Forced Displacement (DG ECHO, UN, NGOs)

  • The military offensive to retake the Western side of Mosul was announced by Prime Minister Abadi on 19 February. The UN estimates that there are 750 - 800 000 civilians in Western Mosul. Respect for international humanitarian law and protection of civilians remains the utmost priority. DG ECHO, together with the rest of the Humanitarian Community, continues to advocate for keeping the positive measures adopted by the military operation in the East (see Commissioner Stylianides statement, 17 February).
  • In order to assure access to life-saving trauma care for civilians, DG ECHO supports emergency surgical and trauma services in frontline locations within the “golden hour” from the Western side of Mosul. Currently, two Trauma Stabilization Points run by WHO partners with DG ECHO support are in place south-west of Mosul and an ambulance control system has been established to maximize early access to trauma care. Two DG ECHO supported field hospitals are being installed by WHO/UNFPA, with additional post-operative capacity being also supported by DG ECHO in main end-referral points.
  • DG ECHO has been supporting preparation and prepositioning efforts on the Western side of the Tigris. NFI, WASH and Food partners - including Oxfam, Terre Des Homme, NRC and Muslim Aid - are establishing field offices in Hamam Alil, which will be used as a logistics hub.
  • Almost 10 000 shelter plots remain available for those displaced from Western Mosul, however many of these are in the East in camps under the control of Kurdish security forces. It remains unclear whether IDPs from Western Mosul will be able to access these shelter options. Priority is currently given to the expansion of existing camps and the establishment of new ones to the south of Mosul led by government of Iraq, UNHCR and IOM - which will be more easily accessible to civilians fleeing Western Mosul. DRC and ICRC, with DG ECHO support, are already working on improving water supply in areas which will be hosting a significant number of IDPs from Western Mosul.
  • DG ECHO supports the prepositioning of humanitarian capacity to deliver assistance inside Western Mosul, when it becomes accessible, following lessons learned from the East side where almost 600 000 conflict affected civilians remained in their homes.

Yemen – Conflict (UN, OCHA, INGOs, WHO, HNO, local media, civil society)

  • Heavy bombardments continue up north along the coastline toward Hodeidah port. Over the last three weeks, the intense fighting in Dhubab, Al Mokha and Yakhtul has triggered new population displacements in Taizz and Hodeidah governorates. Humanitarian organizations reported that some 38 000 to 41 000 people fled from the clashes, but the majority cannot afford transportation costs to move to safer places.
  • According to OCHA access monitoring mechanism, three governorates face high levels of access constraints: Marib, Sa’ada and Taizz.
  • As outlined in the 2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview, 3.9 million IDPs and host communities suffer from acute needs and require assistance with shelter and NFIs. In 2016, over 1 million individuals were reached with NFIs, cash or in-kind distributions. As of January 2017, over 1 million people are estimated to have returned to their areas of origin, many facing precarious conditions.
  • According to WHO's last casualties report, as of 31 January, 7 723 deaths and 41 940 injuries were reported from health facilities since the beginning of the conflict. However, according to the UN Humanitarian Coordinator, these numbers should be considered higher as the health facilities records only represent a partial snapshot of the actual figures.

Pakistan – Avalanches (GOVT. Local Media)

  • Two incidents of avalanche and landslides happened during the nihgt between 17 and 18 February in district Chitral, killing eight people and injuring others.
  • In Rech valley, an avalanche killed one person and injured three others. In a landslide in Lowari tunnel, 14 people of a SAMBU company got trapped. The army, Chitral Scouts and others rescued seven, while seven others lost their lives.
  • Earlier this month, 13 people were killed and 20 homes destroyed by avalanches and heavy rain - while the death toll in neighbouring Afghanistan rose to almost 200.

French Polynesia - Severe weather (COGIC, Meteo France French Polynesia, Local media)

  • Severe weather, including heavy rain and strong winds, has been affecting the central and western island of the Tuamotu Archipelago, over the past few days causing floods.
  • National authorities reported, as of 20 February at 7.00 UTC, that one person has been killed, 27 houses have been destroyed and several houses damaged in Tahiti and Takaroa islands.
  • Over the next 24 h heavy rain, thunderstorms and strong winds are forecast to affect the country.
II. Europe

Spain - Severe weather (AEMET, Local media)

  • Heavy rain has been affecting the south-eastern areas of the country over the past 48 h, causing floods and landslides.
  • According to local media, as of 20 February at 0.00 UTC, several houses have been damaged and traffic has been disrupted in Malaga city (Andalusia).
  • Over the next 24 h, heavy rain and strong winds may still affect the south-eastern areas of the country. AEMET, as of 20 February at 7.00 UTC, has issued an Orange Alert for coastal events in the provinces of Cadiz, Malaga and Granada.

Meteoalarm - as of 20 February, 7.05 UTC (EUMETNET Meteoalarm)

  • Thunderstorms in eastern Greece - Orange Alert.
  • Strong winds in central and northern Germany; northern Poland - Orange Alert.
  • Snow/Ice in southern Poland - Orange Alert.
  • Coastal events in southern mainland Spain, Ceuta (Spain) and Melilla (Spain) - Orange Alert.
  • Risk of avalanches in south-western, central and northern Norway - Orange Alert.
III. Factsheets

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