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ACTIVE Emergencies ECHO DAILY Flash

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 ECHO Daily Flash of 25 May 2016

I. International

Syria - Conflict (ECHO, UN, NGOs)

  • An overall increase in fighting is resulting in a rise in the number of civilian casualties, further destruction of civilian infrastructure, persistent restrictions to the delivery of humanitarian assistance and worsening living conditions for large numbers living in conflict-affected areas in Aleppo, Idleb, Al-Raqqa, Homs, Hama, Lattakia, Tartous, and Rural Damascus. Schools, medical facilities and other civilian public spaces have been hit by violence reducing the availability of basic and essential services.
  • At the World Humanitarian Summit held in Istanbul on 23-24 May, Syrian aid workers urged the international community to do more for aid to reach those most in need and to protect humanitarian and medical personnel in Syria. The Union of Medical Care and Relief Organizations (UOSSM) that works in the country said that hospitals are being moved underground as attacks on medical facilities continue.
  • The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) condemned the suicide attacks that took place on 23 May in the cities of Jableh and Tartous in western Syria. Reports from Government sources indicate that 78 people lost their lives and 145 were injured as a consequence of the attacks for which ISIL claimed responsibility. The attacks against two hospitals and bus stations took place in two cities that have seen their population doubled with internally displaced families from throughout the country. In the aftermath of the attacks, unknown persons reportedly stormed the Al-Karnak IDP camp and the Al-Akaria IDP public shelter in Tartous city damaging housing units and tents.
  • In Al-Raqqa governorate, where airstrikes and ground fighting is also escalating, the situation of more than 220 000 people living in the city is of increasing concern. A coalition of armed groups, led by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), has launched a series of offensives and fighting is reportedly ongoing in the northern countryside of Al-Raqqa city. In turn, ISIL in Al-Raqqa city has announced to the population that they would only be allowed passage out but that they must remain within the territory of the so-called caliphate. Local activists are raising the alarm about reports of ISIL using civilians as human shields.

Senegal - Food and nutrition insecurity (ECHO, UNICEF, Cadre Harmonisé)

  • Recently published food security and nutrition surveys show a critical situation in several regions of Senegal, notably in the North (bordering area with Mauritania). There are now four regions in Senegal (St Louis, Matam, Louga as well as Tambacounda) that register a level of Severe Acute Malnutrition above the WHO emergency threshold for children under five. This is one region more than in 2015. The Department of Podor (St Louis region) remains the most affected area, with a rate of Global Acute Malnutrition of 18.2%. The four affected regions have a high child population, which represents 27% of the children under five in the whole country.
  • In response to the recent food and nutrition data, the Government is consolidating a national response plan with the support of humanitarian partners. However, the timely operationalization of the response plan is unlikely due to lack of funding and the proximity of the lean season.

Sri Lanka - Tropical Cyclone ROANU (ECHO, DMC, Govt, NOAA, Media)

  • As of 25 May early morning (UTC), the official death toll from Tropical cyclone ROANU in Sri Lanka is 101 people with 100 people still missing and 32 people injured. Over 119 000 people are still displaced. An estimated 4 600 houses have been partially or fully damaged.
  • Search and rescue operations are still ongoing. Due to a lack of clean water and sanitation, there is an immediate risk of an increase in vector borne diseases.
  • Over the next 24 h moderate to locally heavy rain may affect the western areas of the country.

Bangladesh - Tropical Cyclone ROANU (ECHO, Bangladesh Department of Disaster Management, UN)

  • The latest official figures from the Bangladesh report 24 fatalities. 513 363 people were evacuated to some 3 700 safe shelter locations. Around 699 260 people (139 852 families) have been affected in the 14 coastal districts of Bangladesh.
  • The Humanitarian Coordination Task Team will meet on 26 May to discuss the outcome of Joint Needs Assessment Phase 1.

India - Tropical Cyclone ROANU (ECHO, UNOCHA, ECHO partners, Media)

  • Due to continuous rainfall in the wake of Cyclone Roanu, high water levels and flooding of many rivers are reported in Manipur. The Imphal River bank was breached on 23 May at Kyamgei Muslim Oinam Loukon, sweeping away houses and inundating paddy fields.
  • Assessments are on-going as hundreds of houses and public buildings have been damaged in four districts of Manipur.
  • As of 24 May, nine towns in Imphal East remained cut off from the rest of Manipur due to flooding.

Indonesia - Severe Weather (BMKG, NOAA, BNPB, Media)

  • Heavy rain has been affecting western Indonesia over the past few days. According to official reports, as of 24 May afternoon (UTC), five people were killed, two were still missing and eight were injured as well as over 350 people evacuated in Subang Regency (West Java Province). Local media also reported several houses damaged in Subang, as of 25 May. 
  • Over the next 24 h moderate to locally heavy rain may affect the northern, central and eastern areas of the country.
II. Europe

Meteoalarm - as of 25 May, 6.25 UTC (EUMETNET Meteoalarm)

  • Heavy rain in central and north-eastern Romania; south-eastern Norway - Orange Alert.
  • Thunderstorms in central and north-eastern Romania - Orange Alert.
III. Factsheets

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