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ACTIVE Emergencies ECHO DAILY Flash

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 ECHO Daily Flash of 30 July 2016

I. International

2016 Atlantic Hurricane Season Updated Forecast (ECHO, Colorado State University, Emergency Operations Centre DR, CDEMA, OPDEM, Cuba National System, Haiti National System)

  • The ongoing Atlantic Hurricane Season has reached the end of its second month. Sahara dust slowed down activity during July. Historically this month has been quiet when it comes to storm formation. However, earlier in July, the Colorado State University released an adjusted forecast which projects 15 named storms, six hurricanes and two major hurricanes, close to the 30-year average of 12 named storms, six hurricanes and three major hurricanes.
  • Caribbean countries have prepared for the Hurricane Season by proposing various activities. Dominican Republic: On 10 June CDEMA and Dominican Republic signed a Memorandum of Understanding in an effort to strengthen cooperation among disaster and emergency management agencies across the region. On 8 July operations coordination exercises were carried out between National Urban Search and Rescue Units, Fire Units, Humanitarian Rescue Unit and Civil Defense National Unit for Immediate Response. On 16 June National Hurricane season drills and workshops were carried out. Cuba: On 14 May an exercise was carried out to better prepare against disasters including hurricanes. Furthermore this exercise provides efforts to reduce disaster risk in the community coordinated by the mass organizations and controlled by defense counsel and agencies at all levels. Jamaica: In June, general awareness activities included Disaster Preparedness for e.g. schools, business. Haiti: State officials declared the start of the hurricane season. A meteorological simulation exercise (SIMEX) will be completed in August and the national contingency plan is under revision. Main constraints are the new mayors with very limited knowledge about their Civil Protection roles and responsibilities. At the same time, the political situation is complex, without legal presidency, limiting the institutional commitment to manage any emergency. Barbados: On 30 May a full scale exercise was carried out to test level of readiness in the event of a disaster developing in Bridgetown including a fire and earthquake drill. Turks and Caicos Islands: Stakeholder meetings were held on all islands together with community outreach programs, press conference on disaster preparedness and school activities.

Central America – Violence (ECHO, ICG)

  • In 2015, Mexico returned 166 000 Central Americans to their countries of origin, including some 30 000 children and adolescents, while the U.S. deported over 75 000 as stated in the latest International Crisis Group report.
  • Forced displacement by persecution by organised criminal groups (from neighbourhood gangs to transnational drug traffickers) is increasingly widespread in Central America. About 150 000 people have been killed in the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA: Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador) since 2006, an average of more than 50 homicides per 100 000. El Salvador became the most violent country in the western hemisphere in 2015 with a staggering murder rate of 103 per 100 000 people, while Honduras suffered 57 per 100 000 and Guatemala 30 per 100 000. Young people are the most vulnerable to violence, as being both perpetrators and victims. The proportion of homicide victims under age of twenty in El Salvador and Guatemala is higher than anywhere else in the world.
  • Massive deportations from Mexico and the U.S. have not stopped Central Americans fleeing endemic poverty and epidemic violence. Forcing migrants and refugees underground deepens the humanitarian crisis and strengthens the illegal networks turning much of Central America into a criminal battleground. Existing relief assistance and protection measures are largely insufficient to meet the most acute humanitarian needs of victims and vulnerable populations.
II. Europe

Forest fires danger forecast (EFFIS)

  • Extreme or very high danger for forest fires in the entire central and southern Spain; eastern Portugal; south-eastern France; southern Sardinia and Sicily in Italy; in central part of mainland and Aegean islands in Greece; south Poland; south-east Bulgaria and the western coast as well as central and south-eastern Turkey.

Meteoalarm - as of 30 July, 6.40 UTC ((EUMETNET Meteoalarm))

  • Extreme high temperature in eastern Spain and Montenegro - Orange Alert.

Reported high discharges/floods warnings during the last 24 hours by National Services (EFAS)

Germany: Ongoing high discharges of 2nd alert level on the Wurm river (Leutstetten) in Bayern (Danube basin).
III. Factsheets

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