Yemen - Cholera and human rights violations
(ECHO, UN, HRW, Media)
- Yemen faces the worst cholera outbreak in the world: suspected cholera cases have now exceeded 200,000 and more than 1,310 people have died (one quarter of them children). There are an estimated 5,000 new cases every day. The caseload is expected to rise to 300,000 by the end of August.
- According to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 49 civilians lost their lives last month as a result of indiscriminate shelling attacks on public spaces. The parties to the conflict were reminded by the UNHCHR spokesperson that indiscriminate or disproportionate attacks or attacks targeting civilian objects such as markets are prohibited under international humanitarian law.
- Human Rights Watch denounced UAE's support to Yemeni forces in arbitrarily detaining, forcibly disappearing, torturing, and abusing dozens of people during security operations. According to HRW, multiple sources, including Yemeni government officials, have reported the existence of numerous informal detention facilities and secret prisons in Aden and Hadramawt. Houthi-Saleh forces have also arbitrarily detained and disappeared scores of people in northern Yemen, according to the Human Rights organization.
Pakistan - Oil tanker truck explosion UPDATE
- According to local media, as of 26 June at 7.00 UTC, at least 150 people died and 150 people were injured due to the oil tanker fire incident.
- The accident occurred when the truck fell off the National Highway and caught fire in Ahmedpur Sharqia area of Bahawalpur city (eastern Pakistan) on 25 June in the morning.
China - Landslide UPDATE
(National Authorities, Local Media)
- Following the landslide that occurred on 24 June in Xinmo Village (Sichuan Province, Southwestern China), ten people have been confirmed dead by the national authorities. Local media, as of 26 June, reported that 93 people have gone missing, around 300 people have been evacuated and 62 houses have been damaged in Xinmo village. The rescue and search team has been ordered to evacuate due to risk of more landslides in the area.
- Over the next 24 h, no more heavy rain is forecast.
Ethiopia - Drought and Food Pipeline Break
- The drought in the Horn of Africa continues to hit the south and south-eastern pastoral regions of Ethiopia following the poor performance of the spring rains. Parts of the drought-affected areas have fallen in IPC 4 (crisis) and 7.8 million people are currently receiving food assistance in the country.
- According to preliminary results of the multi sectoral season needs assessment (Belg assessment) from June, between 11 and 15 million people will need food assistance during the second half of the year (lean period). WFP's recent food security assessment shows that most vulnerable households can only cover one quarter of their daily food needs. As per the Ethiopian government’s alert letter to the donors, the estimated funding gap to cover the 7.8 million population in need of food assistance is USD 500 million. A revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) should be shared in July and the appeal is expected to increase significantly.
- The nutrition situation in drought-affected areas has dramatically deteriorated in the past months, with a sharp increase in MAM (moderate acute malnutrition) and SAM (severe acute malnutrition) rates that has led to an increase of fatalities. Further deterioration of the nutrition situation is expected in the lean season. The initial MAM and SAM caseloads (respectively 2.7 million and 303,000 individuals) projected in the January HRD are expected to increase significantly. Most pastoral households have lost their livestock that constituted the main animal protein source for children. It is estimated that over 2 million livestock has already been lost.
- The WFP food pipeline assisting the population in Somali region (1.7 million people) is expected to break by July with an estimated funding gap of USD 96 million. Already several weeks ago, the government-led wet food distribution to the drought-IDPs settlements in Somali region was stopped due to lack of funding and food. In absence of regular and sufficient food distribution, it is expected that the nutritional status of the children and PLWs (pregnant and lactating women) will further deteriorate, not providing any firewall against acute malnutrition. Moreover, Somali region was hit by a massive cholera outbreak that has affected over 37,000 individuals countrywide since the beginning of the year, with 90% in Somali region. This outbreak has further negative impact on the nutritional status of the children and vice versa.
USA - Forest fires
(USDA, NIFC, NWCG, NOAA, Local Media)
- Several wildfires have been burning through the state of Utah since 17 June, damaging buildings and causing evacuations.
- The fire named BRIANHEAD started on 17 June and has so far burnt an area of approx. 17,320 ha. The fire is currently 10% contained. Local media reported 13 buildings damaged by the fires and at least 600 people evacuated from the towns of Brian Head and Mammoth Springs.
- Over the next 24 h, critical fire weather conditions, including dry condition, high temperatures and strong wind are forecast for the affected area.