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ACTIVE Emergencies ECHO DAILY Flash

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 ECHO Daily Flash of 30 June 2015

I. International

Syria – Conflict (ECHO, UN, NGOs)

  • On 29 June, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC), Mr Stephen O’Brien, reiterated the grave consequences that the violence of the conflict in Syria is having on the civilian population in a briefing to the UN Security Council. Barrel bombs by the Government and indiscriminate attacks by armed groups are causing hundreds of civilian deaths and widespread destruction across the country.
  • Explosive weapons used in towns and cities in Aleppo, Dar’a, Idleb, Damascus, Deir ez-Zor, and Al-Hassakeh governorates have killed hundreds of people and displaced tens of thousands in the past two months. According to the report, indiscriminate attacks on government-controlled areas in Aleppo killed at least 116 people in April-May; while barrel bomb attacks have killed more than 200 civilians in Aleppo, at least 24 of them children.
  • On 22 June, a single barrel bomb attack against a mosque in Aleppo reportedly killed 10 people. Also, attacks on medical facilities continue taking place regularly. Citing Physicians for Human Rights, the UN reported that the month of May was the worst on record since the beginning of the conflict in Syria with the deaths of 10 medical staff; 15 attacks on medical facilities by aerial bombardment.
  • As fighting continues, further population displacement is underway. In the past week, fighting between Government forces and AGs in the southern governorate of Dar’a has displaced at least 40 000 people; 120 000 persons have fled the north-eastern city of Al-Hassakeh while approximately 50 000 people have been forced from their homes in the border town of Tal Abyad in northern Syria since May.
  • The UN ERC report calls the parties to the conflict to immediately cease the use of barrel bombs and other forms of indiscriminate attacks against civilians and to the international community to do substantively more to address the consequences of armed conflict in Syria highlighting the need for ensuring a safe haven for Syrians seeking refuge.

Iraq – Conflict (ECHO, NGOs, UN)

  • This month, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Iraq has surpassed the 3 Million mark. Close to 300 000 IDPs have been displaced from Ramadi district in Al-Anbar governorate, in less than three months. Most of them remain in active conflict zones in Al-Anbar, their access to safety has been constrained for months. Increased military operation in Fallujah sub-district have already led to the displacement of 40 000 persons. Provision of basic, lifesaving services to civilians stranded in Ameriyat Fallujah, Habbaniyah, Al-Baghdadi and Haditha, as well as to those in areas under the control of IS and other armed opposition groups is highly insufficient.
  • WASH needs assessments, carried out in Al-Anbar and Baghdad governorates, show an overarching need for hygiene items, sanitation facilities and drinking water. Al-Ramadi General Hospital does not have the capacity to perform major surgical interventions, Al-Khaldia Emergency Hospital is non-functional and Primary Health Care in Al-Shuhadaa, Al-Khaldia, Al-Nakheeb and Al-Amal Al-Manshod have more than doubled the number of patients that could be seen only by doctor assistants.
  • In the conflict torn governorates of Al-Anbar, Kirkuk and Salah al-Din 14 Hospitals and over 160 health facilities are either destroyed or non-functional. More than 45 % of the health professionals in these locations have fled, leaving a dire gap in specialized services such as trauma and emergency care.
  • DG ECHO’s recent additional EUR 25 million contribution towards the Iraq’s Humanitarian Implementation Plan will seek to reinforce critical lifesaving services in Kirkuk, Baghdad, Anbar, Salah al-Din and Ninewa. This support is in line with the prioritized first line responses, as defined by Iraq Humanitarian Country Team in the Humanitarian Response Plan, covering the period June-December 2015.

Yemen - Conflict (ECHO, UN)

  • Airstrikes and ground fighting continue across the country, especially in the cities of Aden and Taiz. The populations of both cities have been under siege for months, deprived of water, food and basic services. Reports indicate fighting has also spread to the city of Hodeida.
  • On 28 June, an airstrike hit the UNDP compound in Aden, resulting in damages and the death of one security guard. Parties to the conflict have regularly targeted residential areas and civilian infrastructure, either directly or collateral since the start of the conflict. The UN Secretary-General called all parties to protect civilians and civilian facilities and urged a full investigation into the incident.
  • As a result to indiscriminate targeting the casualty numbers continue to rise. According to WHO figures, as of 26 June a total of 3 083 people have been killed and 14 324 injured. These figures only include casualties reported to health facilities and are considered very conservative.
  • On 29 June, a car bomb exploded in the capital Sana’a. The attack targeted a crowd that gathered to mourn the dead caused by another car bomb last week (also wounding at least 28 people). Both attacks have been claimed by the Islamic State in Yemen.

Burundi – Regional refugee crisis (ECHO, UNHCR)

  • Parliamentary elections took place in Burundi on 29 June.
  • A sharp increase in refugee arrivals has been observed in the neighbouring countries of Tanzania and Rwanda during the week preceding the elections. In Rwanda, the average number of new arrivals increased from 130 before 19 June to 1 090 per day since 20 June, with a peak of 1 690 new arrivals on 26 June. In total, 53 243 refugees from Burundi are currently registered by UNHCR in Rwanda.
  • In Tanzania, more than 3 000 new refugees arrived over three days (26-28 June), up from a previous average of 250 people per day. In total, almost 60 000 refugees have sought refuge in Tanzania.
  • In the Great lakes region, the total number of Burundian refugees has exceeded 130 000 persons.

India - Floods (ECHO, ASDMA, media)

  • The Upper Assam districts of Sonitpur, Lakhimpur and Dhemaji were hit by new floods on 29 June according to media and the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA). As a result, two people have been killed and over 5 500 people in 20 villages affected.
  • A relief camp has been opened by the district authorities, sheltering 75 people. The Brahmaputra river is currently flowing above the danger mark at Nematighat in Jorhat and its tributary Beki at Road Bridge in Barpeta.

China - Severe Weather (Chinese Government, WMO, CMA, Local Media)

  • Heavy rainfall affected north-western and central-eastern China over 25-29 June, causing floods and landslides in several provinces.
  • In Anhui province, where 71mm of rain were recorded in Bengbu in 24h (29-30 June), two people have died and another five went missing in Jinzhai County. In the province of Henan, five people have reportedly died due to landslides in Shangcheng County. In total, 3 900 houses collapsed throughout central-eastern China over the past few days and there are over 100 000 evacuees.
  • In the north-west, in Xinjiang province, the rainfall has caused damage to 26 000 houses, as of 29 June.
  • A Yellow Warning of Rainstorm is in effect for central and part of eastern China on 30 June, including several of the already affected provinces.

USA - Forest fire (Local Authorities, NWS, Media)

  • A forest fire broke out in Chelan County, northern-central Washington State, on 28 June. The fire is located in the populated area of Sleepy Hollow Heights, west of the city of Wenatchee. 
  • As of 30 June, the fire has reportedly burnt nearly 1 200 ha of land, according to local authorities quoted in media. Up to 23 houses have been destroyed and three firefighters have been injured, while an evacuation order is in effect for the area, concerning hundreds of homes.
  • Temperatures up to 36 degrees Celsius and minimal chances of precipitation are forecast for Wenatchee on 30 June.
II. Europe

Forest fires danger forecast (EFFIS)

  • High or extreme danger in central and southern Spain; central and southern Portugal; the western tip of Sicily (Italy); south-east Turkey.

Meteoalarm - as of 30 June, 6.50 UTC (EUMETNET Meteoalarm)

  • Extreme Hight Temperatures in central, south-western and north-eastern Spain; central and part of northern and south-western France - Orange Alert

Reported high discharges/floods warnings during the last 24 hours (EFAS, National Services)

  • Two flood warnings are active for north-eastern Finland.
III. Factsheets

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