Mexico - Earthquakes
(DG ECHO, GDACS, USGS, National authorities, SMN, Media)
- Another strong earthquake of magnitude 6.1 M at a depth of 9 km occured in Oxaca state on 23 September at 12.53 UTC, causing casualties. The epicentre was located 68 Km north-northeast of Salina Cruz (Tehuantepec District) and 420 km away from the 7.1 earthquake of 19 September. USGS PAGER estimated a shaking up to "very strong" for 8 000 people. According to media, as of 25 September, five people died.
- Following the 7.1 M earthquake that hit Puebla State on 19 September, national authorities reported that the death toll has reached 305 people.
As of 25 September, 2 632 people were reported injured and more than 20 000 buildings damaged.
The majority of casualties occurred in Mexico City (167 deaths and approx. 2 000 injured). Search and rescue operations are ongoing, as well as damage assessments and the response to critical humanitarian needs.
- DG ECHO has deployed two experts from the regional office in Managua to contribute to ongoing needs assessments. Three structural engineers from Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom, deployed through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, have arrived in Mexico and integrated the UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team. Finally, Copernicus satellite maps are being produced.
Myanmar/Bangladesh – Rakhine Crisis
(DG ECHO, ECHO Partners, Media)
- More than 436 000 refugees have now fled to Bangladesh. Fillipo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees currently visiting Bangladesh, stated that the exodus of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar to Bangladesh is “the most urgent refugee emergency in the world” right now and urged international partners to step up financial and operational assistance.
- Burnings were reported by partners in and around Maungdaw over the weekend and Amnesty International confirmed fresh attacks on Rohingya Muslim villages. According to Amnesty’s sources, the fires were started by members of the Myanmar security forces and vigilante mobs.
- State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi met with members of the recently created Implementation Committee to reiterate the urgent need to repatriate those who have fled Myanmar, according to the 1993 bilateral agreement with Bangladesh and to ensure that all ethnic communities (Rakhine, Hindu, Daingnet) benefited from resettlement plans. The State Counselor mentioned that the advice of UNHABITAT would be sought to ensure that sustainable development aspects are integrated into resettlement plans.
- In central Rakhine, almost half of planned deliveries of assistance for August have now been completed. Agencies are concerned however, that these food distributions will be used to cover debts.
- According to state media, 28 bodies were discovered in Yebawkya village (Maungdaw township) on 24 September. All the victims were from a Hindu community apparently attacked by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA).
Caribbean - Hurricane MARIA Update
(DG ECHO, GDACS, NOAA, CDEMA)
- Hurricane MARIA continued moving northward over the Atlantic Ocean as a category 1 hurricane. Heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge could affect the North Carolina coast over the next 24 hours.
- In Dominica, 15 deaths are confirmed, 100% of population is impacted and 100% agriculture is destroyed. There is severe damage to farm housing, irrigation infrastructure, feeder roads, as well as crop and livestock production, in addition to forests reserves and coastal fishery. There are disruptions in power and water supplies. 98% of roofs are damaged. The meteorological station is also severely damaged, and telecommunication is not operational. DFID is committing GBP 5 million for the response in Dominica on top of the GBP 57 million already committed for the region.
- In Saint Kitts and Nevis, the agricultural sector and health care centers are damaged. Coastal areas, main roads and jetties on both islands are affected.
- Copernicus satellite maps are being produced for Dominica. Following a request for assistance from Dominica to the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, the United Kingdom, France and Belgium have offered in-kind assistance. In addition, the UN Environment / OCHA Joint Unit (JEU) has requested one EUCPM disaster waste management expert to reinforce the UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team in Dominica. Finally, an EU Civil Protection Team (4 pax) will be deployed on 26 September to Dominica.