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23 July 2018 05:45 PM | Login
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*ACTIVE Emergencies ECHO DAILY Flash

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 ECHO Daily Flash of 23 July 2018

I. International

Palestine - Violence in Gaza and increased humanitarian needs (DG ECHO, UN, media)

  • Four Palestinians were killed and some 210 wounded on 20 July during heavy air strikes. Strikes began after an Israeli soldier was killed by a sniper near the southern Gaza Strip. The soldier was the first to be shot dead by Palestinians since 2014, according to the Israel Defense Forces. A fragile ceasefire was reached later in the night.
  • In a statement issued on 21 July, the UN Secretary General Guterres called on Hamas and other Palestinian factions in Gaza to cease the launching of rockets and incendiary kites along the enclave’s perimeter fence. He also said Israel must exercise restraint to avoid further inflaming the situation. 
  • Since 16 July, the Israeli authorities have prohibited until further notice the entry of fuel and gas into the Gaza Strip, in the context of tightened import and export restrictions. The Kerem Shalom crossing is open for the import of medicines and food only. According to media, Israel will reopen the crossing on 24 July if calm is maintained.
  • UN officials warned that the Gaza Strip is facing serious fuel shortages affecting hospitals as well as water and sanitation facilities, and called for restrictions to be lifted. According to WHO, Al Quds Hospital, one of the major referral hospitals in Gaza, will be forced to shut down in coming days due to lack of fuel. Another four hospitals are likely to run out within the next three days.
  • According to UN OCHA, over 2 000 patients in Gaza’s hospitals are at high risk, especially those relying on electrical devices, including newborns in incubators. Over 1.27 million people will be directly affected by the closure of the hospitals and reduction in provision of vital health interventions. Additionally, the reduced functioning of water and sanitation facilities risks an increase of waterborne disease and outbreaks. At present, water and sanitation facilities are rationing available fuel supplies, which will be exhausted by the end of July if fuel imports do not resume. Funding for emergency fuel will run out for all critical facilities in early August.

Iran - Earthquake (GDACS, USGS, Media)

  • An earthquake of magnitude 5.9 M at a depth of 5.7 km hit north-western Iran on 22 July at 10.07 UTC. The epicenter was located approximately 35 km north-east of Sarpol Zahab city (Kermanshah Province, close to the border with Iraq) and 88 km north-west of Kermanshah city. USGS PAGER indicates shaking up to "very strong" for 1 000 people and up to "strong" for 12 000 people.
  • According to media, as of 23 July at 7.30 UTC, at least 232 people were reported injured and some 80 buildings were damaged in the western part of the Kermanshah Province. No fatalities have been reported.

China - Tropical Cyclones - Update (GDACS, CMA, JTWC)

  • Tropical Cyclone SON-TINH continued moving northeastward over Hainan Island as a tropical storm. It is forecast to move northward over southern Guangdong Province and then turn nortwestward over southern Guangxi Province, weakening. Over the next 24 hours, heavy rains and strong winds are forecast for Hainan, Guangdong and Guangxi provinces as well as northern Vietnam.
  • Tropical Cyclone AMPIL, after the landfall near Shanghai on 22 July, continued moving northwest over the coastal areas of Jiangsu Province as a tropical storm, weakening. It is forecast to move inland over northern Jiangsu and Shandong provinces, where heavy rains and strong winds are expected.
II. Europe

Sweden - Forest Fires Update (DG ECHO, SMHI, EFFIS, Copernicus EMS, Media)

EUCPM activation activation
  • Several forest fires continue to affect Sweden. According to media, as of 23 July at 7:30 UTC, the most affected regions are Jämtland, Dalarna, Gävleborg and Västerbotten.
  • The Union Civil Protection Mechanism's response to the emergency so far includes water bombing planes from Italy, France and Portugal, with water bombing helicopters from Germany and Lithuania, and ground forest fire fighting forces from Poland, Germany, France and Denmark. In total, seven planes, six helicopters, 67 vehicles and some 340 personnel have been offered.
  • Two Emergency Response Coordination Centre liaison officers are on the ground. In addition, Copernicus Emergency Rapid Mapping Service (EMSR298) has produced 15 maps so far, with a further ten in production.
  • According to the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), dry conditions and high temperatures are forecast for most of the country over the next 24 hours. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) reports a fire danger forecast from moderate to high in central and southern Sweden, and up to very high in southern-eastern areas of the country.

Forest fires danger forecast (European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS)

  • Very high danger in some parts of north eastern Sweden.
    Extreme danger in Mallorca and central, southern and eastern Spain; southern Sardinia, Sicily and parts of south-eastern Italy; western, central and south-eastern Turkey.
III. Factsheets


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