European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
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  25 May 2018
I. International

Central African Republic: Violence (UN, DG ECHO)

  • Violence has again affected Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic. 12 people are reported dead and one wounded as a result of violence which followed a grenade attack in the PK5 neighbourhood of the city on 23 May 2018.
  • Tensions remain high in the capital as well as several regions of the country. Due to increasing violence, the number of internally displaced people and refugees has increased significantly since 2017. Overall, one in four Central Africans has been forced to leave their home.  

Sudan - Acute food insecurity (IPC analysis)

  • The recently released Integrated Food Security Analysis Phase Classification (IPC) analysis (April 2018) indicates an alarming deterioration of food security and malnutrition.
  • The impact in the country is already evident, with a 55% increase of the number of people acutely food insecure compared to April last year. There is an increase of 57% of people in IPC 3 and a threefold increase of the number of people in IPC 4 (emergency level) in April, bringing the total to 5.5 million people. This figure is expected to increase up to 6 million (14% of the population) in the projected period from May to July.
  • Of particular concern is Darfur, which accounts for about half of the population in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4). In North Darfur almost 1 million people are in IPC Phase 3 and 4 (crisis and emergency level).
  • The causes of the situation are multiple; long dry spells have affected production in several states in Sudan, leading to a decrease of cultivated areas and low production and the fodder deficit has further affected the livestock conditions. Moreover, the economic crisis and related fuel shortage are factors that have increased the food prices, affecting access to food for the most vulnerable populations: according to WFP 100% of IDPs and Refugee population cannot afford the food basket anymore.


Libya - Conflict (DG ECHO, international aid organisations)

  • Following the renewed outbreak of clashes in the city of Derna (Northeast Libya) since 15 May, six civilians have reportedly been killed and 16 injured. An estimated 800 families have been forcibly displaced.
  • A blockade currently prevents humanitarian actors from delivering life-saving assistance to the city. Shortage of medicines and medical supplies is reaching critical levels, and shortage of food and other supplies is reported. Humanitarian organizations have called on all parties to immediately allow safe and unrestricted access for humanitarian aid, as well as to ensure the safety of health workers and infrastructure.



  • Tropical Cyclone MEKUNU continued moving north-west over the Southwest Arabian Sea, strengthening and passing east of Socotra Island on 23 May evening UTC. On 25 May at 0.00 UTC, it was located 200 km south-east of Salalah city (Oman) and it had maximum sustained winds of 157 km/h. 
  • Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to continue moving northwestwards toward northeastern Yemen and southwestern Oman, strengthening. Its centre may approach the southwestern coast of Oman, near Salalah city on 25 May afternoon/evening UTC, possibly with maximum sustained winds of 160-170 km/h (equivalent to a Category 2 in the Saffir Simpson Hurricane Scale). Very heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge may affect southwestern Oman, especially the area of Salalah, and eastern Yemen over the 3 days. Heavy rain could still affect Socotra Archipelago from 25-26 May.
  • According to media, as of 24 May, seven people have been killed, ten more have been reported missing and hundreds of others have been evacuated in Socotra Island (Yemen).

Sri Lanka - Severe Weather (DG ECHO, Disaster Management Centre, National Authorities, Humanitarian Country Team, local media)

    • The flood situation in Sri Lanka reported earlier on 22 May, continues to deteriorate with 125 954 people affected in 18 of 25 districts. According to national authorities, as of 24 May, 13 people were reported dead, 54 205 displaced, and 3 268 houses damaged. The most affected districts are Kalutara, Ratnapura, Kegalle, Puttalam, and Gampaha & Galle.
    • As per the immediate rapid impact analysis estimates, 23 000 people need emergency flood relief and early recovery assistance.
    • The immediate needs of the affected people are being addressed by local resources. 726 military and police officials have been mobilized for search and rescue operations. Local government is distributing food, water, NFIs and other basic relief items. The national government has allocated LKR 24.9 million (Approx. 135 000 EUR) for response/relief.
    • According to the national meteorological service, the prevailing rainy conditions in the south-western part of the island are expected to continue. The national Landslide Research & Risk Management Division has also maintained the highest level (Red) alert for possible landslides in places of Ratnapura, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya and Kalutara districts.
    • The Government of Sri Lanka has not requested any external assistance so far. DG ECHO is keeping a close watch on the crisis especially considering that, as expected, the weather conditions could worsen in the coming days.
II. Europe

Bosnia and Herzegovina - growing number of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants (DG ECHO)

    • In the recent months the 'coastal migration route' has been gaining more popularity. Consequently, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has recently seen an increase in arrivals (around 3 700 refugees and migrants entered BiH since early January); currently, it is estimated that around 2 000 refugees and migrants in need of assistance are stranded in the country.
    • The ongoing humanitarian response is mainly concentrated in Sarajevo, Bihac and in Velika Kladusa. The assistance is mostly provided by BiH’s civil society organizations, including independent private initiatives, national non-governmental organizations and the Red Cross; however, their capacity is overstretched and their financial resources limited.
    • The analysis of the migratory trend indicates an exponential increase of new arrivals, while reception and assistance capacities are insufficient. DG ECHO is monitoring closely the development of the situation on the ground.


Floods and flood warnings during the last 24 hours reported by national services (European Flood Awareness System - EFAS)

  • Czech Republic: threshold level 2/3 on Litavka river
  • Finland: alert level 2/3 at many stations in the south east part of the country.
  • Norway: alert level 2/4 for Mjosa and Vorma.


Meteoalarm - As of 25 May, 7.30 UTC (EUMETNET)

  • On 25 May: Red Alert for forest fire in central and southern Norway
  • On 26 May: Red Alert for forest fire in central and southern Norway
III. Factsheets

Burundi - Factsheet (DG ECHO)

  • After the 2015 presidential election, the country plunged into crisis, prompting a mass exodus.
  • The ensuing political and economic crisis continues to date, with ongoing reports about a climate of persecution and violence.
  • Widespread poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition are also having a devastating impact on the lives of the most vulnerable.
  • 570 000 Burundians live uprooted from their homes, both inside and outside of the country, and one-fourth of the population faces severe food insecurity

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