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ACTIVE Emergencies ECHO DAILY Flash

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 ECHO Daily Flash of 19 September 2018

I. International

Ethiopia - New episode of ethnic violence (DG ECHO, media)

  • At least 23 people were killed in a weekend of violence near the capital Addis Ababa. It is reported that mobs of ethnic Oromo youths brutally attacked non-Oromo people, committed sexual violence, looted businesses and destroyed houses. The violence resulted in the displacement of 13 000 persons, mostly women and children who fled the area to seek refuge in 12 different sites of the capital, as well as with host communities. The Ethiopian Red Cross Society rapidly provided humanitarian assistance to the displaced people, in the form of non-food items. Major demonstrations against the killings erupted on Monday in Addis Ababa and paralysed the capital.
  • This new episode of ethnic violence recalls the violence also allegedly perpetuated by ethnic Oromo youth against ethnic Gedeo population in the southern part of the country last April and June, which resulted in the internal displacement of one million people in less than two months. Despite many internally displaced persons (IDPs) not feeling safe to return to their place of origin, Ethiopian authorities have started to return IDPs since mid-August, which is in contravention of the necessary voluntary nature such returns must entail. Ethiopia is the country with one of the highest number of IDPs for the first half of 2018.

Philippines, China, Vietnam - Tropical Cyclone MANGKHUT UPDATE (GDACS, DG ECHO, PAGASA, CMA, NCHMF, DSWD, NDRRMC, WHO, Copernicus)

  • Tropical Cyclone MANGKHUT, after making landfall in Baggao (Cagayan Province, northern Luzon, Philippines) on 15 September, dissipated inland over southern China on 17 September.
  • As of 19 September at 6.00 UTC the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reported 8 deaths, 21 people injured, 148 480 people still evacuated (of which 61 271 people inside 471 evacuation centres), 1 096 799 people affected in 468 municipalities across 31 provinces (throughout seven Regions: NCR, Region I, Region II, Region III, Calabarzon, Mimaropa and CAR) and 6 479 houses damaged (of which 572 totally and 5 907 partially) across Region I, Region II, Region III and CAR. In addition, NDRMMC reported, as of the same date, 289 roads and six bridges still affected across Region I, Region II, Region III, Bicol Region and CAR as well as school closed in most of Luzon island.
  • The European Commission has mobilised an emergency aid package worth €2 million that will fund partner humanitarian organisations already working in the affected areas and will address the most urgent needs of the communities stricken by the typhoon.
  • Copernicus, the European Commission's emergency satellite mapping service, is providing mapping of the most affected areas. A Commission humanitarian expert has also been deployed to the disaster area to assess the needs on the ground.
  • Over the next 24 hours, localised heavy rain and thunderstorms could affect northern Luzon (Philippines), south-western China and northern Vietnam.

USA - Tropical Cyclone FLORENCE UPDATE (GDACS, NOAA, Copernicus, media)

  • As of 19 September, heavy rain has come to an end across the Northeast U.S. as the remnants of FLORENCE move into the Atlantic ocean, but river flooding is still affecting North and South Carolina.
  • According to media, as of 19 September at 7.30 UTC, the death toll reached at least 35 (of which 26 in North Carolina due to severe flood) and approximately 10 000 people are still in emergency shelters in North Carolina. In addition, as of the same date, media reported over 4 000 houses underwater and approximately 314 000 people without power across North Carolina.
  • Upon request the Federal Emergency Management Agency of the United States, DG ECHO activated the Copernicus Emergency Management Service on 11 September for North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia and 18 delineation maps were produced so far.
II. Europe

Forest fires danger forecast (European Forest Fire Information System – EFFIS)

  • Very high or extreme danger in some parts of north-eastern Spain; parts of north-west mainland Greece and most of the Greek islands; parts of central, south-east and western Turkey.
III. Factsheets


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